What are the Behavioural Leadership Theories?
The two most common theories will come up every time we talk about Behavioral Leadership Theories, Michigan Leadership Studies, and Ohio State Leadership Studies.
Michigan Leadership Studies
Michigan Leadership Studies is a behavioural Leadership theory that indicates the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan conducted empirical studies to identify styles of leader behaviour that results in higher performance and satisfaction of a group.
The value of Michigan Leadership Studies lies in the analysis of 2 leadership styles task and employee-oriented styles.
Instead of restricting to traits of leaders, they concentrated on the behavior of leaders.
Ohio State Leadership Studies
Ohio State Leadership Studies is Behavioral Leadership Theory.
A series of studies on leadership was done by Ohio State University in 1945 to identify observable behaviors of leaders instead of focusing on their traits.
Ohio State Leadership Studies showed that initiating structure and consideration are two distinct dimensions and not mutually exclusive.
A low score on one does not require a high score on the other. Consideration is the people- orientation and initiating structure is the task orientation.The Ohio State studies were conducted around the same time as the Michigan Leadership Studies, which also identified as critical the focus on tasks and people.