9 Session 9: P-O and P-J Fit, Selection and process of selection

Learning Objectives

After completing this session, you will be able to:

  • define P-O Fit and P-J Fit.
  • describe the concept of selection.
  1. P-O Fit and P-J Fit

P-O Fit is defined as the compatibility between employees and their organizations. When employee and employer fulfil each other’s needs then it results in compatibility. Researchers have found meaningful relationships with P-O fit as a predictor of work attitudes, job performance, and turnover. Individuals are attracted to organizations with similar values and organizations tend to hire such individuals during the selection process. Finally, attrition becomes important as the employee sees first-hand the extent to which he or she is actually congruent with the organization, leading to a choice to either continue working for or leave the company. To bring people aboard who match the organization, a P-O fit test, interview, or other form of selection tool is crucial. Selecting employees after testing P-O fit leads to:

  • Increased productivity
  • Reduced attrition
  • More referrals
  • Higher Employee Engagement
  • Higher Job satisfaction

In case P-O fit is missing it leads to:

  • Lower productivity
    Stress and exhaustion
  • Increased attrition
  • Increased burnout
  • Increased absenteeism
  1. Selection

Selection is the process of picking or choosing the right candidate, who is most suitable for a vacant job position in an organization. Selection can be explained as the process of interviewing the candidates and evaluating and screening their qualities, which are required for a specific job and then choosing the suitable candidate for the position. It’s is a negative process as more people are rejected than selected. The process involves rejecting the unsuitable profiles and selecting the suitable profiles.

Selection is an important process because hiring good resources can help increase the overall performance of the organization.The purpose of selection is to choose the most suitable candidate, who can meet the requirements of the jobs in an organization, who will be a successful applicant. For meeting the goals of the organization, it is important to evaluate various attributes of each candidate such as their qualifications, skills, experiences, overall attitude, etc. In this process, the most suitable candidate is picked after the elimination of the candidates, who are not suitable for the vacant job.

The organization has to follow a proper selection process or procedure, as a huge amount of money is spent for hiring a right candidate for a position. If a selection is wrong, then the cost incurred in induction and training the wrong candidate will be a huge loss to the employer in terms of money, effort, and also time. Hence, selection is very important and the process should be perfect for the betterment of the organization. The steps involved in selection are as follows:


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